We live and breathe all things chiropractic. We’ve spent years studying the spine and body – so let us break down 12 of the most common chiropractic terms that may come up in your treatment. After all, we want you to understand the benefits of chiropractic treatment, and that starts with decoding the language!

Adjustment: A chiropractic adjustment, or spinal manipulation, is the action of applying a controlled and specific force in a precise direction to a joint in the spine. Adjustments allow chiropractors to correct a restricted joint by improving range of motion and overall well-being.

Cervical: The cervical spine refers to the 7 vertebrae/bones in the neck. It is strong and flexible to allow movements such as nodding your head ‘yes’ or shaking it ‘no’. The cervical spine functions to protect the spinal cord, support the head, and enable blood flow to the brain.

Chiropractic: Chiropractic is a form of manual therapy that sees the relationship between the health of the spine and the function of the nervous system as the key to maintaining or restoring health.

Chiropractor: A chiropractor diagnoses, treats and prevents a range of musculoskeletal conditions (e.g. back pain, neck pain and headaches). We use a variety of techniques, ranging from spinal adjustment and manual pressure to stretches and X-rays depending on your condition!

Joint: Joints are the areas where two or more bones meet. Some do not move, while others have a large range of motion. The ends of the bones in a joint are coated in protective tissues (cartilage) to reduce friction.

Ligament: Ligaments are connective tissue made of strong elastic fibres that surround joints. The function of a ligament is to strengthen joints and provide stability so that they only move in certain directions.

Lumbar: The bones that make up the lower part of the spine are known as the lumbar vertebrae. They are located below the thoracic spine (mid-back) but above the pelvis. The lumbar spine functions to support your body weight and allow movement. The bones protect the spinal cord and nerves.

Muscle: Muscles are a group of tissues which contract to produce a force. Skeletal muscles help to create movement in your body; cardiac muscles pump blood through the body and heart; smooth muscle makes up the walls of organs and vessels.

Spinal Cord: The spinal cord refers to a bundle of nerves that carry messages between the brain and the rest of the body. It runs from the brain to the bottom of the spine. The spinal cord contains nerves that control coordinated movements and reflexes.

Spine: The spine is a column of 33 vertebrae that houses the spinal cord. It is strong and flexible to allow for mobility; supports the structures of the body and protects the spinal cord.

Tendon: A tendon is a tough, white tissue that attaches muscle to bone.

Thoracic: The thoracic spine refers to the 12 mid-upper back bones, located below the neck. The function of the thoracic spine is to support the back and articulate with the ribs that protect the heart and lungs. Mobility of this part of the spine is limited compared to the cervical and lumbar sections.

If there are any other chiropractic terms you need decoded, please ask us at your next appointment! If you don’t have your next appointment, call us today on (03) 5381 1892.